Research

Don’t waste a crisis (Part One)

on April 3rd, 2020

When there is great suffering and uncertainty, people are conflicted between a desire to return to normality (which, after all, is familiar) and a desire to redeem the loss of life and wealth that accompanies a meta-catastrophe by making things better. Both responses are rational and understandable, and probably most of us do not want […]

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Retirement: Lessons from the Swedish reforms

on April 1st, 2020

No matter the country, the era, or the government, few things in politics are as contested as issues related to retirement and pensions reform. This paper aims to portray how pensions and pension reforms have evolved over time in Sweden. Social policy and pension reforms are a result of their time. As such, this also […]

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Gmos and genome edited organisms (Geos): regulatory and geopolitical challenges

on March 23rd, 2020

Methods of genome modification are intimately linked to the history of mankind, from the early beginnings of agriculture in the Neolithic period to the development of gene therapies throughout the 20th century. Today, the techniques used are derived from biotechnologies (transgenesis, mutagenesis, and new genome editing techniques known as NBT, for new breeding techniques) and […]

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Europe in the face of American and Chinese economic nationalisms (3) defending the european economy through trade policy

on March 6th, 2020

While the main commercial partners of the European Union adopt non-cooperative strategies, inaction or lack of firm policy would be fatal for the single market. The European Union should lead a coalition willing to bring about an ambitious reform of the World Trade Organization (WTO) but it will take, at best, several years for this […]

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Europe in the face of American and Chinese economic nationalisms (2) foreign anti-competitive practices

on March 6th, 2020

What can be done to ensure that European companies can compete fairly on the global stage against foreign companies, particularly Chinese ones, which are suspected to be heavily subsidised? The European Union already has operational tools at its disposal that are compatible with the rules of the World Organization (WTO): the trade defence instruments. They […]

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Europe in the face of American and Chinese economic nationalisms (1) competition policy and European industry

on March 6th, 2020

Following the European Commission’s prohibition of the Alstom-Siemens merger, many voices pretended to have found the cause of Europe’s industrial decline: an overzealous European competition policy hindering the emergence of “European champions”. Without denying the existence of prospects for improving merger control policy, it would be counterproductive to blame Brussels for the application of rules […]

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biotechnologies in china: a state of play

on February 25th, 2020

In this study, Aifang Ma presents China’s national biotechnology strategies and programs and provides an overview of the country’s progress in the medical, industrial, energy and agricultural sectors. As a new challenger on the international stage, China is stepping up its efforts to compete with the United States, the leader in the field. Having become […]

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analysis of anti-semitism in france

on January 24th, 2020

The increase in anti-Semitic acts since the early 2000s raises questions about the extent to which this phenomenon exists in France. What is the proportion of French people of Jewish faith or culture who have been victims of an anti-Semitic act? What are these victims’ profiles? What is the overall feeling of French Jews regarding […]

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DEMOCRACIAS SOB TENSÃO UM ESTUDO PLANETÁRIO Volume II

on December 12th, 2019

A ideia democrática mudou profundamente o mundo. Estabelece uma ordem política cuja força reside na submissão do exercício do poder ao consentimento dos governados. Através da democracia, o regime da liberdade, a história humana tornou-se uma história de dignidade e progresso. Desde a gloriosa Atenas antiga, a ideia democrática percorreu lentamente terras e mares. O […]

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