Studies

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Anti-Semitic Attitudes in France: New Insights

on March 12th, 2015

For more than 10 years, the Jews of France have been living in a state of anxiety. They no longer recognize France, the Republic they love, the country of human rights and of universalism. They see the resurgence of a dark side of the French experience that they had thought was eradicated forever. This report, presenting the findings of the surveys, helps us to gauge the level of anti-Semitism in the country and pinpoint those sectors of society that are most prone to espouse it.

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Mohamed Beddy Ebnou : Islam et démocratie : face à la modernité [Islam and democracy: facing modernity]

on March 10th, 2015 | Values

What are the reasons for the decline and how should they be addressed? This question has continued to dictate the general political subjectivity of the Ottoman and Muslim elites since the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, particularly since the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699 and the origins of what came to be known as the "Eastern Question".

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Ahmad Al-Raysuni : Islam et démocratie : les fondements [Islam and democracy: the foundations]

on March 10th, 2015 | Values

Shura, or "consultation" is a principle mentioned both in the Koran and as a practice followed by the Prophet and his Companions. In a modern context, Shura has been interpreted as the Islamic term for what our contemporaries refer to as democracy. However, it remains an obscure concept, despite the hundreds of books and articles published on the topic in recent decades. Many aspects of Shura have not yet been addressed.

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Asma Lamrabet : Les femmes et l’islam : une vision réformiste [Women and Islam: a reformist vision]

on March 10th, 2015 | Values

It is clear today that the topic of women in Islam is still subject to a highly restrictive, binary vision. Between the traditionalist Islamic perspective that rejects reform for fear of losing excessively idealised values relating to identity and the "modernist" perspective that blames all evils on religion and Islam in particular, it is primarily the views of a large majority of Muslim women that are being marginalised.

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Mustapha Cherif : Éducation et islam [Education and Islam]

on March 10th, 2015 | Values

Education is an issue that raises concerns in all societies. Each civilisation has its own unique take on this important subject. There is agreement in some areas and disagreement in others. However, everyone now recognises that education is essential for producing quality citizens, promoting development and defining the social model.

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Bariza Khiari : Le soufisme : spiritualité et citoyenneté [Sufism: spirituality and citizenship]

on March 10th, 2015 | Values

In recent years, Islam has become an eminently political subject. Its religious and spiritual dimension has melted away leaving nothing but controversy. In this cacophony, only the obscurantists on one hand and the islamophobes on the other have their say in the media, in a formidably effective display of one-upmanship and mutual legitimisation. As a result, the headscarf has become the niqab. For too long, the debate in France has focused mainly on the issue of visibility in public spaces. A distorted image of Islam emerges from this double manipulation, both in society as a whole and among Muslims themselves.

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Ahmed Bouyerdene : L’humanisme et l’humanité en islam [Humanism and humanity in Islam]

on March 10th, 2015 | Values

Since first coined, the term "humanism", a frequently over-used portmanteau word if ever there was one, has covered fields which are as diverse as they are wide-ranging. Through the centuries, the term has been associated (when not substituted for) philology, philosophy, ethics, progress, romanticism, etc. However, the foundations of humanism may be reduced to two key areas: the quest for knowledge – especially in relation to mankind and its place in the universe – and the love of humanity and the preservation of its dignity.

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