Free Market


Free Trade vs. Protectionism: Extricating France from a False Dilemma

on October 8th, 2008 | Growth

Globalization, liberalism, protectionism, free trade—these often misunderstood concepts are an integral part of international trade policies and, in broader terms, structure France’s economic and social development model. In this Working Paper, Raphaël Wintrebert sheds light on the terms of the debate and on the political, economic and social challenges involved so as to reformulate the […]

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Externalization: A Strategy for Refocusing the State on Its Core Competencies

on October 7th, 2008 | Growth

Externalization, as used here, is the notion of the State “relieving” itself of its duties to avoid the cost and red tape of an overly cumbersome administrative apparatus, referred to in some quarters as decentralisation, or outsourcing of functions. The scope of this externalization has yet to be determined, inasmuch as having extended beyond its […]

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Social cohesion and place of the governments’ policies in an individualized society

on October 3rd, 2008 | Growth

Arnaud Mercier pinpoints a radical transformation in the conception of society, as the facts of life are more and more characterized by the pervasive decline of institutions, increasing deregulations, flexibility, risk-taking and highly individualistic behaviours. From then on, the main stake for those in power, is to accompany French society throughout this profound change, to […]

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