On June 13rd and 14th 2019, the Fondation pour l’innovation politique has presented the results of Democracies Under Pressure, a survey conducted in 42 democracies in partnership with the International Republican Institute (IRI), in Slovakia and Austria.
Dominique Reynié, executive director of the Fondation pour l’innovation politique, gave a presentation of this extensive global survey in Bratislava on June 13th in front of elected officials, ambassadors, think tanks and Slovak journalists. Then, discussions during the Summit of Emerging Parties at the Slovak National Assembly have allowed a deep review of the questions raised by the results of this survey.
On June 14th, Dominique Reynié presented Democracies Under Pressure at the headquarters of Neos Lab in Vienna in the framework of the Summit of Emerging Parties, and then at the Austrian offices of the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung. The various debates have underlined major issues such as trust in institutions, adhesion to the representative democracy model or the decline of democratic values among young generations.
The survey is available online, in French and in English and the data is accessible on data.fondapol.org in the 33 languages of the survey.
The 1st volume, devoted to themes and issues, shows that:
There is unanimous attachment to civil liberties • Democratic societies are tolerant • Democracy remains the best possible system, but… • Support for representative democracy prevails, despite the discrediting of elected powers • The legitimacy of universal suffrage has become contested • The democratic world is in favor of the death penalty • Though accepted by the majority, abortion prompts moral objections • Generational changes may lead to an erosion of democratic values • Islam incites concern • The welcoming of refugees is accepted in principle yet rejected in practice • The citizens surveyed are generally satisfied with their standard of living but feel that the way of life in their country is threatened • Law and order institutions (police, armed forces, etc.) are widely supported • There is a demand for authority • Democratic societies prefer more order even if it means less freedom • The Internet and social media offer citizens the possibility both to inform themselves and to express themselves more freely, while prompting fears of manipulation • Scientific and technological discoveries are seen as representative of progress • Big tech giants Google, Amazon, Apple and Microsoft are popular, but not so much Facebook… • Unlike Russia, China and the United States are seen as influential powers • Europeans are in favor of treating immigration at the European Union level • In the face of new threats, Europeans approve of the idea of a joint army • Attachment to the euro limits the rise of populism throughout Europe • In most of the 42 surveyed democracies, globalization is more of an opportunity than a threat…
The 2nd volume is dedicated to the forty-two countries of the survey:
Albania • Australia • Austria • Belgium • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Brazil • Bulgaria • Canada • Croatia • Cyprus • Czech Republic • Denmark • Estonia • Finland • France • Germany • Greece • Hungary • Ireland • Israel • Italy • Japan • Latvia • Lithuania • Luxembourg • Malta • Netherlands • New Zealand • North Macedonia • Norway • Poland • Portugal • Romania • Serbia • Slovakia • Slovenia • Spain • Sweden • Switzerland • Ukraine • United Kingdom • United Sates