On June 6th 2019, on the 75th anniversary of D-Day and a symbolic day for the transatlantic friendship, the Fondation pour l’innovation politique presented the results of the extensive global survey Democracies Under Pressure in the headquarters of its partner, the International Republican Institute (IRI) in Washington D.C. with Kenneth Weinstein, President of the Hudson Institute.
As we enter the 21st century, signs of the weakening of the democratic world are multiplying, which render essential a review of the state of democracy in international public opinion. Concerning 42 countries and 36 395 citizens, conducted in 33 languages, the survey consists of two volumes. The first one is devoted to themes and issues, the second volume is dedicated to the 42 democracies of the study with, offering a fact sheet for each that summarizes the state of national opinion. We also present the reader with an “Index of Democratic Culture”, a global barometer which makes it possible to situate each country in relation to all the others.
The survey is available online, in French and in English and the data is accessible on data.fondapol.org in the 33 languages of the survey.
The 1st volume, devoted to themes and issues, shows that:
There is unanimous attachment to civil liberties • Democratic societies are tolerant • Democracy remains the best possible system, but… • Support for representative democracy prevails, despite the discrediting of elected powers • The legitimacy of universal suffrage has become contested • The democratic world is in favor of the death penalty • Though accepted by the majority, abortion prompts moral objections • Generational changes may lead to an erosion of democratic values • Islam incites concern • The welcoming of refugees is accepted in principle yet rejected in practice • The citizens surveyed are generally satisfied with their standard of living but feel that the way of life in their country is threatened • Law and order institutions (police, armed forces, etc.) are widely supported • There is a demand for authority • Democratic societies prefer more order even if it means less freedom • The Internet and social media offer citizens the possibility both to inform themselves and to express themselves more freely, while prompting fears of manipulation • Scientific and technological discoveries are seen as representative of progress • Big tech giants Google, Amazon, Apple and Microsoft are popular, but not so much Facebook… • Unlike Russia, China and the United States are seen as influential powers • Europeans are in favor of treating immigration at the European Union level • In the face of new threats, Europeans approve of the idea of a joint army • Attachment to the euro limits the rise of populism throughout Europe • In most of the 42 surveyed democracies, globalization is more of an opportunity than a threat…
The 2nd volume is dedicated to the forty-two countries of the survey:
Albania • Australia • Austria • Belgium • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Brazil • Bulgaria • Canada • Croatia • Cyprus • Czech Republic • Denmark • Estonia • Finland • France • Germany • Greece • Hungary • Ireland • Israel • Italy • Japan • Latvia • Lithuania • Luxembourg • Malta • Netherlands • New Zealand • North Macedonia • Norway • Poland • Portugal • Romania • Serbia • Slovakia • Slovenia • Spain • Sweden • Switzerland • Ukraine • United Kingdom • United Sates