No matter the country, the era, or the government, few things in politics are as contested as issues related to retirement and pensions reform. This paper aims to portray how pensions and pension reforms have evolved over time in Sweden. Social policy and pension reforms are a result of their time. As such, this also represents the history of Sweden; how the country grew from being a tempestuous and poor war-torn country to the modern prosperous democratic welfare-state it is today.

This study was written by Kristoffer Lundberg at the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs in Sweden.